OrthopaedicsHip
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ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY CLINIC

HIP

A hip is the most mobile joint of lower limb, that moves on many different surfaces, crossing the middle of a joint. Theoretically, this joint has an infinite number of axes. Connected with a highly developed and complicated muscular system it allows us to perform precise and smooth locomotor moves.

 

Osteoarthritic changes of a hip joint are caused by over-use and damages of a cartilage of a head of the thighbone and acetabulum, which makes two exposed bone areas to rub against each other. As a result of joint damages, pains, stiffness, instability and even significant limitations of movement range occurs.

Example procedures conducted in the Carolina Medical Center within hip and groin:

  • total hip replacement
  • resurfacing of a hip joint
  • revision of a hip joint
  • arthroscopy of a hip joint (CAM), complex (mixed conflict)
  • arthroscopic iliotibial band release (a snapping hip syndrome)
  • arthroscopic reconstruction of a gluteal muscle insertion
  • sports hernia, stomach muscles surgeries, nerve release
  • muscle insertion reconstruction – partial and chronic
  • exfoliation of a head of a thighbone
  • subcapitular and petrochanteric fracture of a thighbone (bolts stabilization, dynamic hip screw, intramedullary) within a pelvis
  • fatigue fracture within a pelvis – revitalisation.

HIP JOINT ANATOMY

Bones

Hip joints connects two bones – thighbone (thigh) and pelvis. A pelvis has two cavities called acetabulum, one for each side. A head of a thighbone is strongly connected with an acetabulum, forming a spherical hip joint, that allow lower limb to move forward, backward, sideways and rotary.

Cartilage

An acetabulum and a head of a thighbone are covered with a layer of a cartilage. It protects bones during loads and allows for smooth and free movements in every direction with minimal friction.

Ligaments

A thighbone and a pelvis are connected via complex ligamentous system. It has a particular significance for a stability of a hip joint, protecting it from movements that exceed their usual range.

Muscles

Muscles surrounding a hip joint have two functions. They provide a hip joint with energy for it to move in every directions, and stabilise an entire lower limb during standing, walking and other activities.

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Opis: Budowa stawu biodrowego bez zmian zwyrodnieniowych.

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